The old hospital design principles and construction standards, according to the design principle of the elderly maintenance professional international standards, with the elderly, for the patients, that is people-oriented, but I think it should take care of the hospital doctors and nurses should provide them with a comfortable and humanistic environment, because of their long-term work in this field. At least a few years, ten years, more than a lifetime. Patient turnover speed is also very fast, sometimes for days, months or longer, so the office environment provided to doctors and nurses can not stay at the original level of hospital building design, and it is badly in need of change.
The construction standard of the elderly hospital is based on the standards of People's Republic of China health industry. This standard has not been formally implemented, and it is still being discussed and revised. The special needs of furniture design in the elderly hospital, according to the physiological and psychological characteristics of the elderly, the furniture design of the elderly hospital should be in accordance with the principle of barrier free facilities. The elderly are slow in action, easy to fall and collide. As they grow older, their muscle strength and breathing machine can be reduced and their body movements are slow. Therefore, another important factor of home design in elderly hospitals is stability. The floor furniture must be made into sub gloss, which can prevent falls and reduce collisions.
The old people can easily grasp the function of weakness, their movements, other scales should be appropriate, to avoid the use of glass and metal material, can be appropriate to add some light, environmental protection materials, such as the height of the bed should be appropriate, the elderly generally relatively low, and some even stand up, even if it is relatively easy to fall; but too high, sitting on the bed feet to the ground contact is not easy to cause the psychological imbalance; the height of the bed should be close to the wheelchair, the wheelchair should be 450MM, must be combined with a fence. All the facilities in our hospital, including the bed, use the electric elevator. The area where the patients can reach, especially the floor of the bathroom, needs to adopt the skid proof ground. If necessary, we should also do the special skid proof treatment. The friction coefficient should not be less than 0.5.
The design of indoor tables and chairs in elderly hospitals should not be too high or too low. The average height of the table should be around 660MM, and the height of the table should be around 780MM. The net width of the room is not less than 1.1 meters. It needs to meet the needs of the width and width of the stretcher vehicle, and at the same time, there must be enough space to meet the requirement of the slewing radius of the wheelchair.
The nurse workstation of the elderly hospital, the staff sitting in the workstation, can see the dynamic on both sides of the ward. The ward design of the elderly hospital is mostly three people, four people, single and double room, so that the elderly can avoid the loneliness. If it is the two man, one of them is gone, and the psychological state of another person is greatly influenced, and the third and the four can avoid this situation. The hall of the hospital, the hospital public area seat design more, because the elderly walking will be very tired, at any time to rest, to the seat seat. Hospice care ward. The arrangement in this area is like a hotel, the feeling of a family, which is for the humane care of the patients.